Eisenhardt 's methodological work. Yin 's guidelines and making positivist assumptions.
Anonymous Introduction When conducting research, there are many options in terms of methods and methodology. In educational research in particular, the case study methodology Yin case study methodology one of the most frequently used, however it is often one of the most misunderstood.
At first glance it would appear that an analysis of the case study method would be a simple process. It is in fact quite complex.
One of the reasons for this is that research methodologists do not always agree on the design and use of the case study.
Similar to Yazan we will examine the case study methodology, comparing the views of the researchers when considering five aspects of case study research: Definition of a case study method Attempting to define the case study method is somewhat complex.
There are elements which are common to all of the researchers yet each also includes a distinct component based on their particular perspective. Stake, Merriam and Yin depict a case study as a bounded system, in which the researchers set out boundaries and make clear statements about the focus and extent of the research.
Merriam limits her definition mostly to include qualitative case studies which are her focus. She is quite flexible with her application of her qualitative case study strategy as long as the researcher has clearly enclosed the area of focus.
However, the author argues that case study is a unit of study itself, since it can include a number of data collection methods, including surveys.
Data Collection and Analysis Skate discusses the use of exclusive qualitative data gathering tools such as, interviews, observation and document reviews.
Moreover, Stake does not propose an exact starting point for data collection and analysis. He agrees on implementing a flexible design to collect and analyse data since important adjustments or modifications may rise in the inquiry process of giving meaning to first impressions and final compilations.
This notion permits researchers to gradually focus on the issues as they emerge under direct observation without the necessity of a rigid study plan. By the same token, Stake introduces two strategies to analyse data: We believe this may be why she is not a fan of a pilot case study but more so a focus on piloting data collection instruments.
Yin proposes that a case study inquiry should rely on multiple sources of evidence. These include documentation, archival records, interviews, direct observations, participant observations and physical artifacts.
Yin also proposes that a case study can include single or multiple cases, can be limited to quantitative evidence and should address the traditional concerns about case studies: Conduct the research rigorously Avoid confusion with teaching cases Know how and when to arrive at generalized conclusions Understand the comparative advantages of case study method.
She points out to the necessity to build high levels of trust and rapport when working with individuals. Similar to Yin, she cautions that, besides access to individuals connected to case, access to records and documents must also be ensured for optimal data collection.
In other words, it is a cross verification for investigating the phenomenon from different outlooks. Triangulation allows the researchers to have a trustworthy groundwork for the findings and the contribution of knowledge.
Skate describes four strategies to triangulate different sources or methods for data collection: In this regard, he also points out that researchers need to pay careful attention to misperceptions by using protocols and the triangulation method to ensure validity to the case study.
Skate summarizes the process of reliability and validation of data by suggesting that researchers use the following questions as guidance: Due to this construction of knowledge, Merriam questions the extent that case studies have validity and reliability.
More so, they are examples of bounded situations that serve as an observation of a given scenario.
The author supports the analyses of a number of cases with the aim of making broader generalizations. Case study method and the research question From a Stakian point of view, researchers that opt for a case study as their research methodology should first establish a set of sharpened research questions in order to structure the methods and procedures needed to carry out their research study.
This will help researchers narrow down their topic of interest and deter them from straying off the topic. · In order to a pply a case study methodology, the case study itself has a specific design to be formed. Th is process is important before the whole case study processes can be carried out and the urbanagricultureinitiative.com · Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists.
Despite being one Robert K. Yin's Case Study Research: Design and urbanagricultureinitiative.com?article=&context=tqr. · Comparing a single case study with an experiment, Yin maintains that single case studies are relevant for critical cases in order test theory, or to analyze cases urbanagricultureinitiative.com?file=/frei/ZfP_1.
Recognized as one of the most cited methodology books in the social sciences, the Sixth Edition of Robert K. Yin′s bestselling text provides a complete portal to the world of case study research. With the integration of 11 applications in this edition, the book gives readers access to exemplary case studies drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields/5(14).
Yin puts forth a definition of case study as a research method stating that it is an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon (the case) in depth and within its real world context when the boundaries between phenomenon and context may not be clearly evident (Yin, ).urbanagricultureinitiative.com This is a book summary of the seminal book on conducting Case Study based research.
The book covers essential topics, such as case-study protocol, essence of single versus multiple cases, and other very useful tips of conducting this very useful research urbanagricultureinitiative.com://urbanagricultureinitiative.com /case-study-research-by-robert-yin