Half of the world's wetlands were lost last century. Logging and conversion have shrunk the world's forests by as much as half.
The area now covered by Texas was occupied by three major indigenous cultures, which had reached their developmental peak before the arrival of European explorers and are known from archaeology.
The influence of Teotihuacan in northern Mexico peaked around AD and declined over the 8th to 10th centuries. The Paleo-Indians who lived in Texas between — BC may have links to Clovis and Folsom cultures; these nomadic people hunted mammoths and bison latifrons  using atlatls.
They extracted Alibates flint from quarries in the panhandle region. Beginning during the 4th millennium BCthe population of Texas increased despite a changing climate and the extinction of giant mammals.
Many pictograms from this era, drawn on the walls of caves or on rocks, are visible in the state, including at Hueco Tanks  and Seminole Canyon. Native Americans in East Texas began to settle in villages shortly after BC, farming and building the first burial mounds. They were influenced by the Mississippian culturewhich had major sites throughout the Mississippi basin.
From the 8th century, the bow and arrow appeared in the region,  manufacture of pottery developed, and Native Americans increasingly depended on bison for survival. Obsidian objects found in various Texan sites attest of trade with cultures in present-day Mexico and the Rocky Mountainsas the material is not found locally.
As of the colonial period, Texas was largely divided between 6 culture groups. The Caddoan peoples occupied the area surrounding the entire length of the Red River.
All four of them held some land in what is now Texas. While the northern-most groups faced a cultural collapse due to a drought, many of the southern tribes survive to the present. North of the Pueblos were the Apachean tribes.
Although commonly referred to as one, single nation, they are actually a culture group. The Coahuiltecans, at some point, would have migrated south to merge with their sister tribes.
In the 18th century, the Creek Confederacy formed on the east coast, forcing several smaller Muskogean peoples out of the state. The Choctaw also split and one of their four subtribes, the Houma came to reside in the eastern region the state before returning to Louisiana.
After the American Revolution, many tribes were being consistently moved to migrate further west and give up their lands to American citizens.
This may have been due to the unusual circumstance that the United States still considered many of these tribes as foreign nations, but outwardly claimed the land they stood on.
That being said, the main push was for new, rich farmland as the plantation-style farming on the east coast soon damaged the native soil. Many tribes in the early 19th century became fed up with these practices, choosing to migrate to Texas, which was still a part of New Spain at the time.
Warlike tribes made life difficult and dangerous for explorers and settlers through their attacks and resistance to European conquest. In the 19th century, they resisted European and American expansion, and there was frequent warfare.
Three federally recognized Native American tribes reside in Texas: Tabor Community near Overton, Texas. Cabeza de Vaca was the first European to explore the interior of Texas.
French colonization of Texas: Its initial settlement by Europeans occurred by accident. After the fort was constructed, one of the ships returned to France, and the other two were soon destroyed in storms, stranding the settlers.
La Salle and his men searched overland for the Mississippi River, traveling as far west as the Rio Grande  and as far east as the Trinity River. That month, a third expedition launched a final attempt to find the Mississippi.The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in , who found the region populated by numerous Native American tribes.
The Native Americans' ancestors had been there for more than 10, years as evidenced by the discovery of the remains of prehistoric Leanderthal Lady.
The Spanish-American War lasted only about ten weeks in However, the war had far-reaching effects for both the United teacher’s guide primary source set ment, which said that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba. The United of the New York World and William Randolph Hearst.
Pie crust In its most basic definition, pie crust is a simple mix of flour and water. The addition of fat makes it pastry.
In all times and places, the grade of the ingredients . Settlements and Forts La Florida has a long history of forts and settlements, beginning with the doomed settlement attempts of Tristan de Luna in Pensacola in and the Spanish destruction of France's Fort Caroline at the mouth of the St.
Johns River in The human impact on natural ecosystems has reached dangerous levels, even significantly altering the Earth's basic chemical cycles, says a new report, World Resources People and Ecosystems, The Fraying Web of Life.
The report paints a dismal picture of over-fished oceans, over-pumping of water for farming, destruction of coral reefs and forests, even too much tourism, with human. The Associated Press delivers in-depth coverage on today's Big Story including top stories, international, politics, lifestyle, business, entertainment, and more.