Helen in a special appearance in song "Mehbooba Mehbooba" Jalal Agha in a special appearance in song "Mehbooba Mehbooba" Raj Kishore as a jail inmate with gayish mannerisms  Production Development The screenwriter pair Salim-Javedconsisting of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtarbegan narrating the idea for Sholay as a four-line snippet to filmmakers in Sippy and his son Ramesh Sippy and narrated the four-line snippet to them. The original idea of the film involved an army officer who decided to hire two ex-soldiers to avenge the murder of his family.
Dating back to"Tollywood" was the earliest Hollywood-inspired namereferring to the Bengali film industry based in Tollygunge in CalcuttaWest Bengalwhose name is reminiscent of "Hollywood" and was the centre of the cinema of India at the time. The name "Tollywood" went on to be used as a nickname for the Bengali film industry by the popular Calcutta-based Junior Statesman youth magazine, establishing a precedent for other film industries to use similar-sounding names, eventually leading to the coining of "Bollywood".
The term "Bollywood" itself has origins in the s, when India overtook the United States as the world's largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna,  and the journalist Bevinda Collaco.
Some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood. By the s, the industry was producing over films per annum. The s and s were tumultuous times: Most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapistbut there were also a number of filmmakers who tackled tough social issues, or used the struggle for Indian independence as a backdrop for their plots.
The next year, he made another colour film, a version of Mother India. However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late s.
At this time, lavish romantic musicals and melodramas were the staple fare at the cinema. Prior to the partition of Indiawhich was divided into the Republic of India and Pakistanthe Bombay film industry now called Bollywood was closely to the Lahore film industry now the Lollywood industry of Pakistani cinemaas both produced films in Hindi-Urduor Hindustanithe lingua franca across northern and central India.
In the s, many actors, filmmakers and musicians in the Lahore industry migrated to the Bombay industry, including actors such as K. Around that time, filmmakers and actors from the Bengali film industry based in Calcutta now Kolkata also began migrating to the Bombay film industry, which for decades after partition would be dominated by actors, filmmakers and musicians with origins in what is today Pakistani Punjabalong with those from Bengal.
These films expressed social themes mainly dealing with working-class life in Indiaparticularly urban life in the former two examples; Awaara presented the city as both a nightmare and a dream, while Pyaasa critiqued the unreality of city life.
Asif 's Mughal-e-Azam Kapoor and Kumar are among the greatest and most influential movie stars in the history of Indian cinema,   while Nargis is one of its greatest actresses.
Kapoor followed the " tramp " style of Charlie ChaplinAnand modelled himself after the "suave" style of Hollywood movie stars like Gregory Peck and Cary Grantand Kumar pioneered a form of method acting that was similar to yet predated Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando.
Kumar, who was described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray and is considered one of India's greatest actors, inspired future generations of Indian actors; much like Brando's influence on Robert De Niro and Al PacinoKumar had a similar influence on later Indian actors such as Amitabh BachchanNaseeruddin ShahShah Rukh Khan and Nawazuddin Siddiqui.
The movement emphasized social realism. Their critical acclaim, as well as the latter's commercial success, paved the way for Indian neorealism  and the Indian New Wave.
He was the first Indian actor to be referred to as a " superstar ", starring in 15 consecutive solo hit films from to Ever since the social realist film Neecha Nagar won the Grand Prize at the first Cannes Film Festival Hindi films were frequently in competition for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival throughout the s and early s, with some of them winning major prizes at the festival.
Asif 's Mughal-e-Azam all tied at No. Classic Bollywood s—s The screenwriting duo Salim-Javedconsisting of Salim Khan l and Javed Akhtar rrevolutionized Indian cinema in the s,  and are considered Bollywood's greatest screenwriters. The most successful Indian actor during the s—s, he is considered one of India's greatest and most influential movie stars.
The writing of Salim-Javed and acting of Amitabh Bachchan popularized the trend, with films such as Zanjeer and particularly Deewaar, a crime film inspired by Gunga Jumna  that pitted "a policeman against his brother, a gang leader based on real-life smuggler Haji Mastan " portrayed by Bachchan; Deewaar was described as being "absolutely key to Indian cinema" by Danny Boyle.
The masala film was pioneered in the early s by filmmaker Nasir Hussain along with screenwriter duo Salim-Javed,  pioneering the Bollywood blockbuster format. Manmohan Desai went on to successfully exploit the genre in the s and s.
Both these trends, the masala film and the violent crime film, are represented by the blockbuster Sholaywritten by Salim-Javed and starring Amitabh Bachchan.
It combined the dacoit film conventions of Mother India and Gunga Jumna with that of Spaghetti Westernsspawning the Dacoit Western genre also known as the " Curry Western "which was popular in the s.
The s thus saw the rise of commercial cinema in the form of enduring films such as Sholaywhich consolidated Amitabh Bachchan 's position as a lead actor.Picked up this among 3 other books, took about a month to read all of them.
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