History of north borneo and sarawak

Another strong Japanese army detachment arrived from Mindanao and began to land on Tarakan Island before proceeding to Sandakan on 17 January. Although North Borneo has a police force, it never had its own army or navy. The arrival of the Japanese forces to Borneo and the fall of Anglo-Japanese Alliance had already been predicted by revelation through secret telegrams that Japanese ships docked regularly at Jesselton were engaged in espionage.

History of north borneo and sarawak

There was, however, a powerful Brunei Sultanate which ruled over most of Borneo. Inthe Dent brothers of London signed all rights to a company which was granted a royal charter.

History of Sarawak - Wikipedia

Kudat became the first capital of British North Borneo. Jesselton and Sandakan were, like many towns, destroyed in Allied air raids targeted at the Japanese. After the Second World War the British Chartered Company was not able to rebuild the war devastated country and ceded it to the British Crown, and Sabah became a colony.

InNorth Borneo became independent and reverted to its pre-colonial name, Sabah, on becoming the 13th state of the Federation of Malaysia. Like many other early explorers they have the most interesting and thrilling biographies of challenges, adventures, misfortunes but also incredible luck and opportunities.

A stone memorial is erected in Tambunan Town to commemorate the capture of Mat Salleh. The first established settlements in British North Borneo were on Balambangan Island, and Kudat was the first capital.

History of north borneo and sarawak

However, Kudat and Balambangan did not turn out to be ideal locations and under William B. Labuan, of course, was already well-established, having been part of the Straits Settlement of Singapore under the British Colonial Office since Chronologically, Sandakan should come first but since Kota Kinabalu Jesselton is the State Capital and the prime growth centre in this day and age, our picture will begin with Jesselton.

After the ransacking by Mat Salleh the British administration was able to lease land opposite Gaya Island, where the present Royal Customs and Excise has its headquarters.

This part also became the terminal for the railway which was started in Weston in Most of Jesselton and present Kota Kinabalu is built on land reclaimed from the shallow sea. The first reclamation was at the northern part of Jesselton where the present Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation building is.

This was carried out around Other areas such as Segama and Sinsuran were reclaimed after Malaysia There are numerous versions to this story.

One of the first priorities of the British North Borneo Chartered Company had been to develop the vast natural resource potentials of its territory and turn them into profits for its shareholders. In the early days the only means of communications were by sea, river and by trekking on foot through time-worn native tracks.

It was obvious that if the potentials of the territory were to be tapped, the BNBCC had to build roads and railways. Thus, in the townships, roads were built from the wharves to points where produce were collected.


A Mr West, a Scottish engineer, was engaged for the project and work began the same year from Bukau not far from what is now called Weston.

The Weston terminal itself was closed at the end of When the waters off Weston were found not to be deep enough for a sea wharf, the line from Beaufort was extended to Papar in the belief that the Papar Bay might be suitable for a deep sea harbour.

Here again, it was found that it was not suitable and thus the railway was extended to Gantisan, which was the northern boundary of Jesselton now Kota Kinabalu. The opening of the railway to Beaufort, which was later extended to Melalap through Tenom, led to the opening of the interior areas which became extremely attractive for the planting of rubber.

As early asa railway line was contemplated to run from Beaufort over Tenom to Tawau. The telegraph line was started a few years earlier than the railway and was completed in Sandakan was linked with Lahad Datu, Sempoma and Tawau.

Airports and wharves were also upgraded ensuring better communications with the outside world and especially with Peninsular Malaysia. In the field of telecommunications, Sabah is now linked with the rest of Malaysia through satellites which enable Sabah to have instant direct-dialing telephone and telex connections with Peninsular Malaysia, as well as simultaneous or direct telecast of television programmes.Did you know that Sabah (North Borneo) and Sarawak were the former members of The point memorandum of The Kingdom of Sarawak, Borneo.

Introduction The point agreement, or the point memorandum, was a list of 18 points drawn up by Sarawak, proposing terms for it. When the Federation of Malaya, consisting of the states of Peninsular Malaysia, was granted independence in , Sarawak, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Brunei remained under British rule.

In the British proposed incorporating their Bornean territories into Malaya. Along with Sabah (then North Borneo) and Brunei, Sarawak remained under British control when Malaya gained its independence in In the British proposed including the Borneo territories into the Federation of Malaya.

Along with Sabah (then North Borneo) and Brunei, Sarawak remained under British control when Malaya gained its independence in In the British proposed including the Borneo territories into the Federation of Malaya.

Beginning of the Sarawak Rebellion (against the Sultan of Brunei) led by Sarawak chief Datu Patinggi Ali. James Brooke arrives in Kuching on the Royalist carrying a message of thanks and. Sarawak, together with North Borneo and Brunei, formed a single administrative unit named Kita Boruneo (Northern Borneo) under the Japanese 37th Army headquartered in Kuching.

Sarawak was divided into three provinces, namely: Kuching-shu, Sibu-shu, and Miri-shu, each under their respective Japanese Provincial Governor.

HISTORY – Borneo