This notion is reflected in Egyptian art and historical inscriptions.
Even by the late s, computer-mediated communication CMCsuch as email, Internet Relay Chat IRCUsenet news groups and bulletin boards, was limited in ability and usability, as it relied heavily on text and required a variety of software for each application, together with specialised skills to operate it efficiently Herring Two important technological developments, witnessed during the last five years, have affected CMC: In turn, new forms of communication spaces have emerged that more fully exploit the possibilities of multimedia, accompanied by increased usability and convenience Herring In light of these technological developments and the increasingly important role that online interaction plays in everyday life, it is important to recapitulate an exploration of the relationship between online and offline community.
In doing so, the virtual community debate is considered, which is often characterised by strong utopian and dystopian views. There is consideration of the practices of community and virtual community and their relationship.
This paper is structured thus; first is a review of literature, second an outline of research methods, third, analysis and interpretation of data, fourth, a discussion of the research findings in relation to the key elements of the literature and finally, a conclusion.
Baym agrees and refers to Fernback who asserts that Community is a term which seems readily definable to the general public but is infinitely complex and amorphous in academic discourse Baym Preece asserts that prior to the industrial revolution, space determined communities, which were highly integrated and self-sustaining Preece Network analysis is one way to unfold the notion of community.
Here, sociologists study networks of relationships Preece She asserts that an individual may have hundreds of weak ties and a few strong ties ibid. Although there appears to be a trend in the literature emphasising strengths of relationships Preece He asserts that A community is bound by place, which always includes complex social and environmental necessities.
It is not something you can easily join. It must be lived. It is entwined, contradictory, and involves all our senses Baym Rheingold appears to believe that the virtual is an extension of reality.
This appears to reinforce his view that virtual life is an extension of reality, highlighting an emotional connection with reality. Another view of the virtual seemingly dismisses any notion of this extension. He asserts that The virtual, strictly defined, has little relationship to that which is false, illusory, or imaginary.
The virtual is by no means the opposite of the real. The virtual also includes memory, imagination, knowledge and religion ibid. Presumably, for the seed, the nature of growth of the tree actual identity is relayed back to its nerve centre process of virtualisation and new questions are raised in relation to the original problem, that is growth of seed to tree and in turn, a process of actualisation solidifies the resolutions and the process is repeated ibid.
A digitalised message exchange that is part of a human to human network dialogue can be described as follows. During this process, memory is used, which relates to virtualisation ibid.
To an extent, Shields illustrates this with the assertion that Thought takes us beyond the present moment of the actual, not only to abstract ideas but to general problematics, to the historical and to the realm of principle, all of which are virtual Shields Components of identity include social class, gender and ethnicity for example Giddens She argues that identity is grounded, in the physical world, by the body and this changes in a virtual setting, because information replaces matter.
Generally, this is conventionally how the debate has been organised: Rheingold defines virtual community as social aggregations that emerge from the Net when enough people carry on those public discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships in cyberspace Rheingold This definition is revealing, although flawed, as he appears to evade responses to the questions: However, Rheingold accurately captures some of the activities that are performed in a virtual community:The descendants of Jews who left Spain or Portugal after the expulsion are referred to as Sephardim.
The word “Sephardim” comes from the Hebrew word for Spain, Sepharad, that is stated in the Bible.. It is believed that Jews have lived in Spain since the era of King Solomon (c B.C.E.).Little information can be found on these Jews until the beginning of the first century.
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A virtual community is a network of people who interact through various forms of media, and allow users to obtain support, advice, friendship and sometimes merely just interaction with others.