The crisis of the s was most intense in the rural and relatively newly settled areas of central and western Massachusetts. Many farmers in this area suffered from high debt as they tried to start new farms. These conditions led to the first major armed rebellion in the post-Revolutionary United States.
See Article History Daniel Shays, born c. Born to parents of Irish descent, Shays grew up in humble circumstances. At the outbreak of the American Revolution he responded to the call to arms at Lexington and served 11 days April He served as second lieutenant in a Massachusetts regiment from May to December and became captain in the 5th Massachusetts Regiment in January He took part in the Battle of Bunker Hill and in the expedition against Ticonderoga, and he participated in the storming of Stony Point and fought at Saratoga.
In he resigned from the army, settling in Pelham, Massachusetts, where he held several town offices. Prosperity reigned in America at the signing of the peace but was soon transformed into an acute economic depression.
Demonstrations ensued, with threats of violence against the courts handling the enforcements and indictments. In he petitioned for a pardon, which was soon granted.
At the end of the rebellion Shays had escaped to Vermont. Afterward he moved to Schoharie county, New Yorkand then, several years later, farther westward to Sparta, New York.
In his old agehe received a federal pension for his services in the Revolution. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Shays Rebellion. this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes.
James Madison. Shays ' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts, mostly in and around Springfield during and American Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (called Shaysites) in a protest against perceived economic and civil rights injustices.
Nov 12, · Watch video · Daniel Shays, for whom the rebellion was eventually named, was a farmer in Pelham and an ex-soldier who fought at Bunker Hill and other significant Revolution battles.
Daniel Shays >Daniel Shays (ca. ), American Revolutionary War captain, is best >known for leading a rebellion of western Massachusetts farmers in >seeking relief from oppressive economic conditions. Daniel Shays was born in Middlesex County, Mass.
Shays’s Rebellion, (August –February ), uprising in western Massachusetts in opposition to high taxes and stringent economic conditions. Armed bands forced the closing of several courts to prevent execution of foreclosures and debt processes.
In September Daniel Shays and other local leaders led several hundred men in forcing the Supreme Court in Springfield to adjourn. Shays' Rebellion was the first major armed rebellion in the post-Revolution United States.
In , debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers under the leadership of Daniel Shays began closing courts and releasing debtors from prison.