A political dissenter and pamphleteer, Defoe saw as his enemies the Tory aristocrats whose royalism in government and religion blocked the aspirations of the middle class.
By checking the situation of that time, we will have a better view of what influenced Defoe on his writings. Defoe also called my attention, because before becoming a fiction writer he was engaged in different careers such as businessman, journalist, spy and political hanger-on.
In the eighteenth century, London was growing very fast and continuously, because of the Industrial Revolution and the migration of poor peasants, which helped London become one of the largest cities of the world.
Industrialization happened and, with it, also came merchants, sailors, thieves who populated the city that started facing problems such as traffic jams, pollution and diseases.
While facing this chaos, rich people preferred to flee to their country states instead of living among so many problems. It was in this disordered society where Daniel Defoe rose as a businessman, journalist, spy and political follower making a lot of money.
Defoe was raised in the tradition of capitalism and Puritanism by his parents in two Presbyterian schools where he acquired knowledge in various scientific subjects. Defoe became a merchant and as a hotheaded man was involved in a rebellion, he was taken to prison.
After his release, he became engaged in political pamphleteering which pamphlets helped him to guarantee audience for future works. In this history, the reader will not find some features of the romantic period such as the adventure of a hero, but the reader is supposed to face a prudent hero.
That is said, because Crusoe was engaged in business wherever he was travelling to, even to desert island. He was so interested in money that he could not resist the temptation of taking the coins from the places he visited: But preparing the twelfth time to go on board, I found the wind begin to rise.
However, at low water I went on board, and though I thought I had rummaged the cabin so effectually as that nothing more could be found, yet I discovered a locker with drawers in it, in one of which I found two or three razors, and one pair of large scissors, with some tem or a dozen of good knives; in another, I found about thirty-six pounds value in money, some European coin, some Brazil, some piece of eight, some gold, some silver.
It was said that, in Robinson Crusoe, the hero was not supposed to be like a romantic hero, but there are some romantic features that could be found in this novel such as the individualism of the man of the 18th century.
|Robinson Crusoe - Wikipedia||Robinson Crusoe is very much a product of his age, the individualistic-minded eighteenth century.|
|Defoe, Daniel: Robinson Crusoe - Essay - urbanagricultureinitiative.com||According to Tim Severin, "Daniel Defoe, a secretive man, neither confirmed or denied that Selkirk was the model for the hero of his book.|
|After being shipwrecked, Crusoe eventually assesses his situation and realizes that||Isolated on the island, Crusoe is challenged to use his creativity in order to survive.|
Crusoe is too much concerned with business, which helps to confirm his materialism. By giving the description of how he built his house, he used many times the words my, me and I, emphasizing his individualism: When I had done this, I began to work my way into the rock; and bringing all the earth and stones that I dug down out through my tent, I laid them up within my fence in the nature of a terrace, so that it raised the ground within about a foot and a half; and thus I made me a cave just behind my tent, which served me like a cellar to my house.
He wanted to adapt himself to his own ideas and thoughts, in order to make the place where he was living as much as possible like the society he has left behind. And meeting Friday helped him to emphasize this idea, because their relationship was like master and servant, representing, this way, the attitudes of people from the British Society at that time.
By making this comparison, we conclude that Defoe did not build a hero such as the ones portrayed in the romanticism.
Crusoe was a businessman, a typical man of the 18th century, concerned with the urban life, although he was living out of it. His triumphs and frustrations in that wild world can represent the readers feeling of living in a society like that of the 18th century and, maybe, a representation of our society nowadays.
There is also a relation between this British novel and a Brazilian novel called Guarani, in which the hero an indian does not have the features of a wild man.
In fact, the protagonist Peri is a gentleman who looks like a man from the European society, a civilized man.
A Brief View of British Literature.The Economic Individualism in Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe’ Robinson Crusoe takes an important place in the history of the English novel, because it was the first time that a continuous prose narrative had been written with the specific aim of creating the illusion of day-to-day living.
ESSAY ON ROBINSON CRUSOE DANIEL DEFOE. BRITISH LITERATURE 3, CLASS LEJ.
WEEK SUZANA JORDÃO DA COSTA. INTRODUCTION: This essay is about Robinson Crusoe, in which will be found a brief explanation of the historical context of Daniel Defoe’s period.
By checking the situation of that time, we will have a better view of what influenced Defoe . Read Critical Review on Daniel Defoe’s “robinson Crusoe” free essay and over 88, other research documents. Critical Review on Daniel Defoe’s “robinson Crusoe”.
Critical Review on Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” Daniel Defoe tells tale of a marooned individual in order to criticize society/5(1).
Daniel Defoe used realism to enhance his novel, Robin Crusoe. Many critics agree with this statement, while some think that he should have been more accurate with his realism.
Many critics agree with this statement, while some think that he should have been more accurate with his realism. To answer this question this essay will first focus on Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe and will then turn to The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde.
With Robinson Crusoe, Defoe, gives his own definition of class, according to him the world is divided into civilized people and savages. Essay on Daniel Defoe and Robinson Crusoe - Daniel Defoe was an extraordinary man. Although he never had the benefit of a university education, he spoke six languages and was able to read even more.