Forty-three years of peace among the great powers of Europe came to an end inwhen an act of political terrorism provoked two great alliance systems into mortal combat. Early YearsEuropeans were fighting heavily on two fronts before the U. This assurance was confirmed in the week following the assassination, before William, on July 6, set off upon his annual cruise to the North Capeoff Norway.
German re-alignment to Austria-Hungary and Russian re-alignment to France, —[ edit ] In German and Russian alignment was secured by means of a secret Reinsurance Treaty arranged by Otto von Bismarck. However, in the treaty was allowed to lapse in favor of the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
This development was attributed to Count Leon von Caprivithe Prussian general who replaced Bismarck as chancellor. Petersburg to engage in a direct understanding with Vienna, without a written accord.
This move was prompted by the Russian need for an ally since, during this period, it was experiencing a major famine and a rise in anti-government revolutionary activities. French distrust of Germany[ edit ] Main article: Germany had won decisively and established a powerful Empirewhile France fell into chaos and military decline for years.
A legacy of animosity grew between France and Germany following the German annexation of Alsace-Lorraine. The annexation caused widespread resentment in France, giving rise to the desire for revenge, known as revanchism.
French sentiments were based on a desire to avenge military and territorial losses and the displacement of France as the preeminent continental military power. During his later years, he tried to placate the French by encouraging their overseas expansion.
However, anti-German sentiment remained. But the French nation was smaller than Germany in terms of population and industry, and thus many French felt insecure next to a more powerful neighbor.
Jules Cambonthe French ambassador to Berlinworked hard to secure a detente but French leaders decided Berlin was trying to weaken the Triple Entente and was not sincere in seeking peace.
The French consensus was that war was inevitable.
With the formation of the Triple EntenteGermany began to feel encircled. Britain concluded agreements, limited to colonial affairs, with her two major colonial rivals: It was "not that antagonism toward Germany caused its isolation, but rather that the new system itself channeled and intensified hostility towards the German Empire".
The Entente, in contrast to the Triple Alliance or the Franco-Russian Alliancewas not an alliance of mutual defence, and Britain therefore felt free to make her own foreign policy decisions in For purposes of ultimate emergencies it may be found to have no substance at all.
For the Entente is nothing more than a frame of mind, a view of general policy which is shared by the governments of two countries, but which may be, or become, so vague as to lose all content.
First Moroccan Crisis, — Worsening relations of Russia and Serbia with Austria-Hungary[ edit ] In Austria-Hungary announced its annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovinadual provinces in the Balkan region of Europe formerly under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
Though Bosnia and Herzegovina were still nominally under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary had administered the provinces since the Congress of Berlin inwhen the great powers of Europe awarded it the right to occupy the two provinces, with the legal title to remain with Turkey.
Agadir crisis French troops in Morocco, Imperial rivalries pushed France, Germany and Britain to compete for control of Morocco, leading to a short-lived war scare in In the end, France established a protectorate over Morocco that increased European tensions.
The Agadir Crisis resulted from the deployment of a substantial force of French troops into the interior of Morocco in April The main result was deeper suspicion between London and Berlin, and closer military ties between London and Paris.
7 causes of the First World War PHOTO: Matt Cardy, Getty Images A poppy is left on a a wall displaying the names of the missing on the Menin Gate Memorial, in Ypres, Belgium. The Commonwealth War Grave Commission manages cemeteries in Belguim and France, which bear witness to the heavy human sacrifice made on the Western Front during the First World War () and Second . There were four main causes of World War I: militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. The first world war was a direct result of these four main causes, but it was triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. The assassination took place on June The first world war began in August It was directly triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, on 28th June by Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip.
British backing of France during the crisis reinforced the Entente between the two countries and with Russia as wellincreasing Anglo-German estrangement, deepening the divisions that would erupt in CAUSES OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR.
The causes of World War I can be divided into two broad categories viz: Long term causes- these are causes that build up over a period of years sometimes decades before they transform into actual fighting between the parties involved.
Treat as the causes of World War I Websites. Excellent website dedicated to the First World War. Article from the BBC history website about the causes of the War. Excellent links to other articles about the war. Student oriented website from the National Archives in Britain.
Very informative micro site from Channel 4. The first world war began in August It was directly triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, on 28th June by Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip.
7 causes of the First World War PHOTO: Matt Cardy, Getty Images A poppy is left on a a wall displaying the names of the missing on the Menin Gate Memorial, in Ypres, Belgium. The Commonwealth War Grave Commission manages cemeteries in Belguim and France, which bear witness to the heavy human sacrifice made on the Western Front during the First World War () and Second .
The War that Ended Peace:How Europe Abandoned Peace for the First World War Margaret MacMillan Profile Books, pp, £25 The centenary of August is still almost a year away, but the tsunami.
The Causes of the First World War Chardai C Guthrie Seaford Senior High School The Causes of the First World War The First World War was a war between the great European empires and was fought from until The alliances were the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) and the Triple Entene (Britain, Russia, and France.