Caesars gallic wars

Political background[ edit ] As a result of the financial burdens of his consulship in 59 BC, Caesar incurred significant debt. However, through his membership in the First Triumvirate —the political alliance which comprised Marcus Licinius Crassusand Pompeyand himself— Caesar had secured the proconsulship of two provinces, Cisalpine Gaul and Illyricum. Caesar had initially four veteran legions under his direct command:

Caesars gallic wars

Caesar 's reports on his conquests in Gaul. The Roman senator Cicero thought it was a splendid text, and although we can recognize the book's bias, it still is a remarkably efficient piece of writing. Introduction The Amsterdam Caesar Codex Caesar 's Gallic War consists of seven parts "books"each devoted to one year of campaigning.

The first book covers the year 58 BCE: In the next book, which deals with the year 57, we visit the Belgians, who lived way up north. Again, the book culminates in a triumphant note: The sixth book offers descriptions of some hard fighting in the valley of the Meuse and a second invasion of Germany.

Finally, the book dealing with the events in 52 BCE, is probably the most exciting one: We read how the Roman lines of communication were almost cut off, about the siege of Bourges, about an unsuccessful attack on Gergovia, and finally about the siege of Alesiawhich culminates in a remark about a thanksgiving of twenty days.

Book Eight, which describes mopping-up operations in 51 and 50, was later added by one of Caesar's colonels, Aulus Hirtius. The structure of the description of the siege of Alesia illustrates Caesar's method. If we are to believe him, the outcome of the war depended on one single siege.

Julius Caesar

This may have been correct, but the fact that fighting continued for two more years suggests that things may have been more complex. The outcome of the siege was - according to Caesar - decided on one single day; during that day, one single fight really mattered; and that clash fight was decided by one man, Julius Caesar, who appeared on the scene when things were going wrong.

Caesars gallic wars

In other words, it was Caesar who personally won the fight, the battle, and the war. This is splendid propaganda. Stylistic Brilliance Cicero For centuries, the Gallic War has been the first real Latin text, written by a real Roman, for children who were trying to master the ancient language.

Caesar's language is not very difficult indeed. The Gallic War is splendid. It is bare, straight and handsome, stripped of rhetorical ornament like an athlete of his clothes.

In the Roman political arena, Caesar belonged to the populares, who sought legitimacy through the Popular Assembly. The other tactic was that of the optimates, who focused on the Senate. Although every Roman citizen had a right to vote in the assemblies, in fact only the urban citizens had an opportunity to do so.

Caesars gallic wars

For Caesar, it was important to impress the craftsmen and wage workers, and the Gallic War was written for them as well. We must imagine that Caesar's half-literate adherents read his annual dispatches to their fellow-Romans. Still, the simplicity of his style does not exclude dazzling phrases.

The following quote, the longest sentence from the Gallic War, is one single period, which evokes the chaos during the Battle of the Sabisin which Caesar overcame the Nervians. As usual, he speaks about himself in the third person, a trick to make the text look more objective.

When Caesar, who had addressed the tenth legionreached the right wing, he found his troops under severe pressure and, because all the standards of the twelfth had had been collected into one cramped space, the soldiers packed so close together that they got in each other's way as they fought, while all the centurions of the fourth cohort had been killed - together with the standard bearer: However, the chaos of the battle is evoked better if an experienced reader reads these words to his audience in one breath.

When the reader runs out of breath, he has reached the climax:The Battle of Alesia was fought September-October 52 BC during the Gallic Wars ( BC) and saw the defeat of Vercingetorix and his Gallic forces. Believed to have occurred around Mont Auxois, near Alise-Sainte-Reine, France, the battle saw Julius Caesar besiege the Gauls in the settlement of Alesia.

The Gallic Wars by Julius Caesar, part of the Internet Classics Archive [of Cassius], the grandfather of Lucius Calpurnius Piso, his [Caesar's] father-in-law, in the same battle as Cassius himself. Chapter 13 This battle ended, decided that it would be most expedient to take away from the Gallic cavalry all their horses.

Caesar's Gallic Wars essays chronicle the history of his military engagements during the years B.C. in Gaul, Germany, and, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays.

Caesar's account of the Druids and the "superstitions" of the Gallic nations are documented in book six chapters 13, 14 and in De Bello Gallico.

In chapter 13 he mentions the importance of Druids in the culture and social structure of Gaul at the time of his conquest. When this scheme was disclosed to the Helvetii by informers, they, according to their custom, compelled Orgetorix to plead his cause.

Caesar's account of the Druids and the "superstitions" of the Gallic nations are documented in book six chapters 13, 14 and in De Bello Gallico.

In chapter 13 he mentions the importance of Druids in the culture and .

Caesar's Gallic War - Livius