Structure[ edit ] As the communication mechanism of the policy analysis process, the briefing note should provide a coherent synopsis of a policy problem, identify different policy options for addressing the problem, articulate opposing perspectives and advocate a recommended option.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Early patents and tests[ edit ] The stereoscopic era of motion pictures began in the late s when British film pioneer William Friese-Greene filed a patent for a 3D film process.
In his patent, two films were projected side by side on screen. The viewer looked through a stereoscope to converge the two images.
Because of the obtrusive mechanics behind this method, theatrical use was not practical. Porter and William E. My 50 Years in the Motion Picture Industry, nothing was produced in this process after these tests.
Early systems of stereoscopic filmmaking pre [ edit ] Fairall in Fairall's Briefing paper format camera Audience wearing special glasses watch a 3D "stereoscopic film" at the Telekinema on the South Bank in London during the Festival of Britain Fairall, and cinematographer Robert F.
After a preview for exhibitors and press in New York City, the film dropped out of sight, apparently not booked by exhibitors, and is now considered lost.
Early in DecemberWilliam Van Doren Kelley, inventor of the Prizma color system, cashed in on the growing interest in 3D films started by Fairall's demonstration and Briefing paper format footage with a camera system of his own design.
Also in DecemberLaurens Hammond later inventor of the Hammond organ premiered his Teleview system, which had been shown to the trade and press in October. Teleview was the first alternating-frame 3D system seen by the public.
Using left-eye and right-eye prints and two interlocked projectorsleft and right frames were alternately projected, each pair being shown three times to suppress flicker. Viewing devices attached to the armrests of the theater seats had rotary shutters that operated synchronously with the projector shutters, producing a clean and clear stereoscopic result.
The only theater known to have installed Teleview was the Selwyn Theater in New York City, and only one show was ever presented with it: The show ran for several weeks, apparently doing good business as a novelty M.
The first film, entitled Plastigrams, was distributed nationally by Educational Pictures in the red-and-blue anaglyph format. Zowie April 10Luna-cy! In Paris, Louis Lumiere shot footage with his stereoscopic camera in September The prints were by Technicolor in the red-and-green anaglyph format, and were narrated by Pete Smith.
Unlike its predecessors, this short was shot with a studio-built camera rig. Prints were by Technicolor in red-and-blue anaglyph. The short is notable for being one of the few live-action appearances of the Frankenstein Monster as conceived by Jack Pierce for Universal Studios outside of their company.
While many of these films were printed by color systems, none of them was actually in color, and the use of the color printing was only to achieve an anaglyph effect.
Land conceived the idea of reducing glare by polarizing light.
He took a leave of absence from Harvard to set up a lab and by had invented and patented a polarizing sheet. In JanuaryLand gave the first demonstration of Polaroid filters in conjunction with 3D photography at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Using Polaroid filters meant an entirely new form of projection, however.
Two prints, each carrying either the right or left eye view, had to be synced up in projection using an external selsyn motor. Furthermore, polarized light would be largely depolarized by a matte white screen, and only a silver screen or screen made of other reflective material would correctly reflect the separate images.
The Italian film was made with the Gualtierotti camera; the two German productions with the Zeiss camera and the Vierling shooting system. All of these films were the first exhibited using Polaroid filters.
The Zeiss Company in Germany manufactured glasses on a commercial basis commencing in ; they were also independently made around the same time in Germany by E. In it, a full Chrysler Plymouth is magically put together, set to music. Originally in black and white, the film was so popular that it was re-shot in color for the following year at the fair, under the title New Dimensions[ citation needed ].A Sample Briefing Paper This sample briefing paper was written for the Scottish Education Office.
As the Office moved toward the implementation of a new initiative, New Community Schools, decision makers needed to be briefed to better understand issues and practices associated with making this innovation work. The briefing paper is designed to accommodate the following types of seminar: Those describing findings from research or evaluation projects (either completed or in-progress) and their implications for practice;.
Format of a Briefing Paper As the name suggests, briefing papers are meant to be short.
Generally, you’ll need to keep your paper under two pages so . HNP DISCUSSION PAPER About this series This series is produced by the Health, Nutrition, and Population Family (HNP) of the World Bank’s Human Development Network.
The Lifecycle of a Revolution. In the early days of the public internet, we believed that we were helping build something totally new, a world that would leave behind the shackles of age, of race, of gender, of class, even of law.
Classic Format of a Briefing Note Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it into small jobs. - Henry Ford Robert B. Parkinson.