Some settled in Quebec, and others in Kingston and Adolphustown in Ontario.
The Royal Commission on Chinese Immigration led to the first head tax. Reproduced with the permission of Canadiana.
It was repealed in The Canadian government acted because it, and not any province, had power to make laws related to immigration. The pressure to pass such a law came from British Columbia, but Ottawa took action only after the railway was finished. It was assumed that Chinese people were too poor to pay and therefore would not be able to come to Canada.
Merchants and students were exempt from the tax. No immigrants from any other country ever had to pay such a tax to enter Canada. Government officials kept track of each person who paid, or was exempted from, the tax in large books called the General Registers of Chinese Immigration.
These records were maintained from to and are in the database, Immigrants from China, The tax worked for a while. The number of Chinese newcomers dropped from 8, in to in This amounted to more than a year's wages for the average worker.
The new tax reduced Chinese immigration for a few years. The number of Chinese newcomers began rising again in In British Columbia, anti-Chinese feelings grew stronger.
After the First World War, the economy slowed down, and jobs were hard to find.
Many whites blamed the Chinese for taking work away from white people. Chinese people living here had to register with the government or they could be deported. They were allowed to go home to China for visits and then to re-enter Canada.
But no new immigrants could come in. This meant that Chinese men living here could not bring their families into the country. Provincial and local laws After joining Confederation inBritish Columbia demanded that no Chinese workers be used to build the Canadian Pacific Railway.
The Canadian government would not agree. The British Columbia legislature passed laws against the Chinese. They could not vote or be hired on public works projects such as road-building. When the Chinese were first banned from voting inthey formed the majority of voters in some electoral districts.
Cities such as Vancouver and Victoria also had rules against using taxpayers' money to hire Chinese workers. Saskatchewan was the other province that did not allow Chinese to vote in its elections.
The voters' list for federal elections took names from provincial voters' lists, so this meant Chinese residents of British Columbia and Saskatchewan could not vote for Members of Parliament. Anti-Chinese agitation became a powerful force in British Columbia politics.
Blaming Chinese immigrants when the economy turned bad became a way of organizing migrants from Great Britain and Europe around the idea of "white supremacy," captured best in the phrase "White Canada Forever. Therefore, they said, Chinese men did not need as much money as whites did to live on and to raise a family.
They argued that the Chinese could work for lower wages and would take jobs away from white workers.Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Canada’s immigration boom was made possible and made necessary, simultaneously, by the spread of the industrial economy and mechanized transportation.
Canadainfo contains over pages of information about Canadian government, history geography, the people of Canada and so much more.
Canadian Timeline. Immigration History of Canada.
Immigration History of Canada. From the Quebec History Encyclopedia. Contains, maps, statistics and images. The history of immigration to the United States details the movement of people to the United States starting with the first European settlements from around Beginning around this time, British and other Europeans settled primarily on the east coast.
Later, Africans were imported as slaves. When Canada became a country in our first Prime Minister was, of course, an immigrant. Sir John Alexander Macdonald, was born in Scotland on January 11, , and he came to Upper Canada as a child.
Black people living in Canada and West Indian political leaders took Canada to task not only for maintaining unfair immigration policies, but for the effects those policies had on the West Indians, largely women, who made it to Canada.
Amendments were made to Chinese Immigration Act expanding the list of prohibited persons and narrowing the classes of persons exempt from the head tax. A border inspection service was created on the U.S.-Canada border.
Immigration Act. This Act gave the government enormous discretionary power to regulate immigration through Orders in Council.